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How To



The Basics of Wakesurfing

How To Get Up on a Wakeboard for the First Time

Glossary

A  
ABAFT   Toward the rear (stern) of the boat. Behind.
ABEAM   At right angles to the keel of the boat, but not on the boat.
ABOARD   On or within the boat.
ABOVE DECK   On the deck (not over it 
ABREAST   Side by side; by the side of.
ADRIFT   Loose, not on moorings or towline.
AFT   Toward the stern of the boat.
AGROUND   Touching or fast to the bottom.
AHEAD   In a forward direction.
AIDS TO NAVIGATION   Artificial objects to supplement natural landmarks indicating safe and unsafe waters.
ALEE   Away from the direction of the wind. Opposite of windward.
ALOFT   Above the deck of the boat.
AMIDSHIPS   In or toward the center of the boat.
ANCHORAGE   A place suitable for anchoring in relation to the wind, seas and bottom.
ASTERN   In back of the boat, opposite of ahead.
ATHWARTSHIPS   At right angles to the centerline of the boat; rowboat seats are generally athwart ships.
AWEIGH   The position of anchor as it is raised clear of the bottom.
B  
BATTEN DOWN   Secure hatches and loose objects both within the hull and on deck.
BEAM   The greatest width of the boat.
BEARING   The direction of an object expressed either as a true bearing as shown on the chart, or as a bearing relative to the heading of the boat.
BELOW   Beneath the deck.
BIGHT   The part of the rope or line, between the end and the standing part, on which a knot is formed.
BILGE   The interior of the hull below the floor boards.
BITTER END   The last part of a rope or chain.The inboard end of the anchor rode.
BOAT   A fairly indefinite term. A waterborne vehicle smaller than a ship. One definition is a small craft carried aboard a ship.
BOAT HOOK   A short shaft with a fitting at one end shaped to facilitate use in putting a line over a piling, recovering an object dropped overboard, or in pushing or fending off.
BOOT TOP   A painted line that indicates the designed waterline.
BOW   The forward part of a boat.
BOW LINE   A docking line leading from the bow.
BOWLINE   A knot used to form a temporary loop in the end of a line.
BRIDGE   The location from which a vessel is steered and its speed controlled. "Control Station" is really a more appropriate term for small craft.
BRIDLE   A line or wire secured at both ends in order to distribute a strain between two points.
BRIGHTWORK   Varnished woodwork and/or polished metal.
BULKHEAD   A vertical partition separating compartments.
BUOY   An anchored float used for marking a position on the water or a hazard or a shoal and for mooring.
BURDENED VESSEL   That vessel which, according to the applicable Navigation Rules, must give way to the privileged vessel. The term has been superseded by the term "give
C  
CABIN   A compartment for passengers or crew.
CAPSIZE   To turn over.
CAST OFF   To let go.
CATAMARAN   A twin
CHAFING GEAR   Tubing or cloth wrapping used to protect a line from chafing on a rough surface.
CHART   A map for use by navigators.
CHINE   The intersection of the bottom and sides of a flat or v
CHOCK   A fitting through which anchor or mooring lines are led. Usually U
CLEAT   A fitting to which lines are made fast. The classic cleat to which lines are belayed is approximately anvil
CLOVE HITCH   A knot for temporarily fastening a line to a spar or piling.
COAMING   A vertical piece around the edge of a cockpit, hatch, etc. to prevent water on deck from running below.
COCKPIT   An opening in the deck from which the boat is handled.
COIL   To lay a line down in circular turns.
COURSE   The direction in which a boat is steered.
CUDDY   A small shelter cabin in a boat.
CURRENT   The horizontal movement of water.
D  
DEAD AHEAD   Directly ahead.
DEAD ASTERN   Directly aft.
DECK   A permanent covering over a compartment, hull or any part thereof.
DINGHY   A small open boat. A dinghy is often used as a tender for a larger craft.
DISPLACEMENT   The weight of water displaced by a floating vessel, thus, a boat's weight.
DISPLACEMENT HULL   A type of hull that plows through the water, displacing a weight of water equal to its own weight, even when more power is added.
DOCK   A protected water area in which vessels are moored.The term is often used to denote a pier or a wharf.
DOLPHIN   A group of piles driven close together and bound with wire cables into a single structure.
DRAFT   The depth of water a boat draws.
E  
EBB   A receding current.
F  
FATHOM   Six feet.
FENDER   A cushion, placed between boats, or between a boat and a pier, to prevent damage.
FIGURE EIGHT KNOT   A knot in the form of a figure eight, placed in the end of a line to prevent the line from passing through a grommet or a block.
FLARE   The outward curve of a vessel's sides near the bow. A distress signal.
FLOOD   A incoming current.
FLOORBOARDS   The surface of the cockpit on which the crew stand.
FLUKE   The palm of an anchor.
FOLLOWING SEA   An overtaking sea that comes from astern.
FORE AND
FOREPEAK   A compartment in the bow of a small boat.
FORWARD   Toward the bow of the boat.
FOULED   Any piece of equipment that is jammed or entangled, or dirtied.
FREEBOARD   The minimum vertical distance from the surface of the water to the gunwale.
G  
GALLEY   The kitchen area of a boat.
GANGWAY   The area of a ship's side where people board and disembark.
GEAR   A general term for ropes, blocks, tackle and other equipment.
GIVE WAY VESSEL 
GRAB RAILS   Hand
GROUND TACKLE   A collective term for the anchor and its associated gear.
GUNWALE   The upper edge of a boat's sides.
H  
HARD CHINE   An abrupt intersection between the hull side and the hull bottom of a boat so constructed.
HATCH   An opening in a boat's deck fitted with a watertight cover.
HEAD   A marine toilet. Also the upper corner of a triangular sail.
HEADING   The direction in which a vessel's bow points at any given time.
HEADWAY   The forward motion of a boat. Opposite of sternway.
HELM   The wheel or tiller controlling the rudder.
HELMSPERSON   The person who steers the boat.
HITCH   A knot used to secure a rope to another object or to another rope, or to form a loop or a noose in a rope.
HOLD   A compartment below deck in a large vessel, used solely for carrying cargo.
HULL   The main body of a vessel.
I  
INBOARD   More toward the center of a vessel; inside; a motor fitted inside a boat.
INTRACOASTAL WATERWAY   ICW: bays, rivers, and canals along the coasts (such as the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico coasts), connected so that vessels may travel without going into the sea.
J  
JACOBS LADDER   A rope ladder, lowered from the deck, as when pilots or passengers come aboard.
JETTY   A structure, usually masonry, projecting out from the shore; a jetty may protect a harbor entrance.
K  
KEEL   The centerline of a boat running fore and aft; the backbone of a vessel.
KNOT   A measure of speed equal to one nautical mile (6076 feet) per hour.
KNOT   A fastening made by interweaving rope to form a stopper, to enclose or bind an object, to form a loop or a noose, to tie a small rope to an object, or to tie the ends of two small ropes together.
L  
LATITUDE   The distance north or south of the equator measured and expressed in degrees.
LAZARETTE   A storage space in a boat's stern area.
LEE   The side sheltered from the wind.
LEEWARD   The direction away from the wind. Opposite of windward.
LEEWAY   The sideways movement of the boat caused by either wind or current.
LINE   Rope and cordage used aboard a vessel.
LOG   A record of courses or operation. Also, a device to measure speed.
LONGITUDE   The distance in degrees east or west of the meridian at Greenwich, England.
LUBBER'S LINE   A mark or permanent line on a compass indicating the direction forward parallel to the keel when properly installed.
M  
MARLINSPIKE   A tool for opening the strands of a rope while splicing.
MIDSHIP   Approximately in the location equally distant from the bow and stern.
MOORING   An arrangement for securing a boat to a mooring buoy or a pier.
N  
NAUTICAL MILE   One minute of latitude; approximately 6076 feet 
NAVIGATION   The art and science of conducting a boat safely from one point to another.
NAVIGATION RULES   The regulations governing the movement of vessels in relation to each other, generally called steering and sailing rules.
O  
OUTBOARD   Toward or beyond the boat's sides. A detachable engine mounted on a boat's stern.
OVERBOARD   Over the side or out of the boat.
P  
PIER   A loading platform extending at an angle from the shore.
PILE   A wood, metal or concrete pole driven into the bottom. Craft may be made fast to a pile; it may be used to support a pier (see PILING) or a float.
PILING   Support, protection for wharves, piers etc.; constructed of piles (see PILE)
PILOTING   Navigation by use of visible references, the depth of the water, etc.
PLANING   A boat is said to be planing when it is essentially moving over the top of the water rather than through the water.
PLANING HULL   A type of hull shaped to glide easily across the water at high speed.
PORT   The left side of a boat looking forward. A harbor.
PRIVELEGED VESSEL   A vessel which, according to the applicable Navigation Rule, has right
Q  
QUARTER   The sides of a boat aft of amidships.
QUARTERING SEA   Sea coming on a boat's quarter.
R  
RODE   The anchor line and/or chain.
ROPE   In general, cordage as it is purchased at the store. When it comes aboard a vessel and is put to use it becomes line.
RUDDER   A vertical plate or board for steering a boat.
RUN   To allow a line to feed freely.
RUNNING LIGHTS   Lights required to be shown on boats underway between sundown and sunup.
S  
SATELLITE NAVIGATION   A form of position finding using radio transmissions from satellites with sophisticated on
SCOPE   Technically, the ratio of length of anchor rode in use to the vertical distance from the bow of the vessel to the bottom of the water. Usually six to seven to one for calm weather and more scope in storm conditions.
SCREW   A boat's propeller.
SCUPPERS   Drain holes on deck, in the toe rail, or in bulwarks or (with drain pipes) in the deck itself.
SEA COCK   A through hull valve, a shut off on a plumbing or drain pipe between the vessel's interior and the sea.
SEAMANSHIP   All the arts and skills of boat handling, ranging from maintenence and repairs to piloting, sail handling, marlinespike work, and rigging.
SEA ROOM   A safe distance from the shore or other hazards.
SEAWORTHY   A boat or a boat's gear able to meet the usual sea conditions.
SECURE   To make fast.
SET   Direction toward which the current is flowing.
SHIP   A larger vessel usually thought of as being used for ocean travel. A vessel able to carry a "boat" on board.
SLACK   Not fastened; loose. Also, to loosen.
SOLE   Cabin or saloon floor. Timber extensions on the bottom of the rudder. Also the molded fiberglass deck of a cockpit.
SOUNDING   A measurement of the depth of water.
SPRING LINE   A pivot line used in docking, undocking, or to prevent the boat from moving forward or astern while made fast to a dock.
SQUALL   A sudden, violent wind often accompanied by rain.
SQUARE KNOT   A knot used to join two lines of similar size. Also called a reef knot.
STANDING PART   That part of a line which is made fast.The main part of a line as distinguished from the bight and the end.
STAND ON VESSEL 
STARBOARD   The right side of a boat when looking forward.
STEM   The forward most part of the bow.
STERN   The after part of the boat.
STERN LINE   A docking line leading from the stern.
STOW   To put an item in its proper place.
SWAMP   To fill with water, but not settle to the bottom.
T  
THWARTSHIPS   At right angles to the centerline of the boat.
TIDE   The periodic rise and fall of water level in the oceans.
TILLER   A bar or handle for turning a boat's rudder or an outboard motor.
TOPSIDES   The sides of a vessel between the waterline and the deck; sometimes referring to onto or above the deck.
TRANSOM   The stern cross
TRIM   Fore and aft balance of a boat.
U  
UNDERWAY   Vessel in motion, i.e., when not moored, at anchor, or aground.
V  
V BOTTOM   A hull with the bottom section in the shape of a "V".
W  
WAKE   Moving waves, track or path that a boat leaves behind it, when moving across the waters.
WATERLINE   A line painted on a hull which shows the point to which a boat sinks when it is properly trimmed (see BOOT TOP).
WAY   Movement of a vessel through the water such as headway, sternway or leeway.
WINDWARD   Toward the direction from which the wind is coming.
Y  
YACHT   A pleasure vessel, a pleasure boat; in American usage the idea of size and luxury is conveyed, either sail or power.
YAW   To swing or steer off course, as when running with a quartering sea.

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